The major theme is the role of women, ordinary and royal, during World War I. For centuries, women have been considered second-class citizens, and because of this prevailing attitude by men, women too often have been relegated to subordinate roles in society. One male physician, Dr. Charles Meigs, in the 1860s, wrote that a woman “has a head almost too small for intellect but just big enough for love.” Nevertheless, women persevered and stepped into uncharted territory as they pursued careers beyond the traditional roles of being housewives. Some of the struggles that women had to endure to achieve professional recognition in the public sphere are examined, and also the participation of European queens in the war effort and their personifications as living symbols of nationalism for their nations. The contributions to the war efforts of Queen Mary of Great Britain (1867–1953), Czarina Alexandra of Russia (1872–1918), and Queen Marie of Romania (1875–1938) are discussed.